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Master Public Administration with Aribam Pdf 640: A Valuable Resource for UPSC Optional and General Studies Paper II


Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640: A Comprehensive Guide for UPSC Aspirants




Public administration is one of the most popular and scoring optional subjects for the UPSC civil services examination. It is also a core subject for the general studies papers, especially paper II which deals with governance, polity, social justice and international relations. Public administration is the art and science of managing public affairs and delivering public services. It involves the study of various aspects of government functioning, such as organization, policy-making, implementation, evaluation, accountability, ethics and leadership. Public administration also examines the relationship between the state, society and citizens, and the role of bureaucracy, civil society and market in governance.




aribam public administration pdf 640



If you are an UPSC aspirant who has chosen public administration as your optional subject or wants to improve your performance in general studies paper II, you need a reliable and comprehensive source of information and guidance. One such source is the book Public Administration Paper II written by Radhabinod Aribam, a former IAS officer who has served as the chairman of the Competition Commission of India from 2005 to 2010. This book is a valuable resource for UPSC aspirants as it covers all the important topics of public administration in a simple, lucid and concise manner. It also provides useful tips, examples, case studies and practice questions to help you prepare effectively for the UPSC examination.


In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to access, use and benefit from this book. We will also give you an overview of public administration as a subject and how it is relevant for UPSC syllabus. By the end of this article, you will have a clear idea of how to download and read Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640 and how to use it to ace your UPSC exam.


Public Administration: An Overview




Public administration is a broad and interdisciplinary field that encompasses various aspects of government functioning and public service delivery. It draws insights from various disciplines such as political science, sociology, economics, law, management, psychology and ethics. Public administration can be studied from different perspectives, such as normative, empirical, comparative, historical, behavioral, structural-functional, systems, human relations, decision-making, development and new public management.


Public administration as a discipline emerged in the late 19th century in response to the challenges posed by industrialization, urbanization and democratization. It aimed to provide scientific principles and methods for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of public administration. Some of the pioneers of public administration were Woodrow Wilson, Max Weber, Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol and Luther Gulick. They developed various concepts and theories such as bureaucracy, scientific management, administrative management, principles of administration and POSDCORB.


Public administration as a practice evolved along with the changing role and nature of the state in different historical contexts. It underwent various phases such as traditional public administration, new public administration, new public management and new public service. It also faced various challenges such as globalization, liberalization, decentralization, participation, accountability, transparency, ethics and innovation. Public administration also adapted to various models of governance such as welfare state, developmental state, regulatory state and enabling state.


Public administration in India has a unique character due to its historical legacy, cultural diversity, constitutional framework, administrative system, reforms and challenges. Public administration in India is influenced by various factors such as colonialism, nationalism, democracy, planning, socialism, liberalization, globalization and federalism. Public administration in India involves various institutions, processes, actors, policies and issues such as parliament, president, prime minister, cabinet, bureaucracy, civil service, public sector, local government, judiciary, election commission, comptroller and auditor general, central vigilance commission, right to information act, citizen charter, public interest litigation, e-governance, corruption, red tape, policy paralysis and administrative reforms.


Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640: A Valuable Resource for UPSC Aspirants




If you are looking for a comprehensive, up-to-date and user-friendly book on public administration for your UPSC preparation, you should definitely check out Public Administration Paper II written by Radhabinod Aribam. This book is available online for free download in PDF format from this link. You can also buy a hard copy of this book from this link.


This book is written by a prominent civil servant who has vast experience and expertise in public administration. He has also taught public administration at various institutes such as Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA) and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). He has also authored another book on public administration paper I which covers topics such as administrative theory, thinkers and concepts.


This book covers all the topics that are relevant for UPSC syllabus on public administration paper II. It follows a systematic and logical structure that helps you understand and retain the concepts easily. It also provides ample examples, case studies and illustrations that make the topics interesting and relatable. It also provides useful tips and tricks that help you solve problems and answer questions effectively. It also provides practice questions at the end of each chapter that help you test your knowledge and prepare for UPSC exam.


The topics covered in this book are:


  • Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of public administration; Evolution of public administration; Public administration as an art or science; New dimensions of public administration; Public choice approach; Challenges of liberalization; Privatization; Globalization; Good governance; Concepts like Kautilyas Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule; Relevance of Woodrow Wilsons vision.



  • Administrative Thought: Scientific management (Taylor); Administrative management (Fayol); Bureaucratic model (Weber); Human relations school (Elton Mayo); Behavioural approach (Simon); Systems approach (Easton); Structural-functional approach (Riggs); New Public Administration (Minnowbrook Conference); New Public Management (Osborne & Gaebler).



  • Administrative Behaviour: Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation theories (Maslows hierarchy; Herzbergs two-factor theory; McGregors Theory X & Y; Ouchis Theory Z); Leadership theories (Trait theory; Behavioural theory; Contingency theory; Transactional & Transformational leadership); Theories of organizational culture & climate.



  • Accountability & Control: Concepts & dimensions; Mechanisms & models; Legislative control; Executive control; Judicial control; Citizen & Civil Society control; Lokpal & Lokayukta; Central Vigilance Commission; Right to Information Act; Citizen Charter; Social Audit.



  • Administrative Law: Meaning & scope; Principles; Delegated legislation; Administrative tribunals; Judicial review; Natural justice; Ombudsman.



  • Comparative Public Administration: Historical & sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Bureaucracy & development; Riggsian models & their critique; Ecology & culture in comparative perspective; Western & Eastern models.



Personnel Administration: Concepts & principles; Civil service: constitutional position, structure, recruitment, training, career advancement, salary administration, discipline, performance appraisal, staff welfare; Employer-employee relations; Administrative ethics; Accountability & transparency; Code of conduct & discipline; Grievance redressal mechanism; Whistle-blowing.




Personnel administration is the management of human resources in public organizations. It involves the application of various concepts and principles such as merit, equity, efficiency, responsiveness, motivation and leadership to ensure the optimal utilization of human potential for achieving organizational goals. Personnel administration covers various aspects of civil service such as constitutional position, structure, recruitment, training, career advancement, salary administration, discipline, performance appraisal and staff welfare. It also deals with the issues of employer-employee relations such as administrative ethics, accountability and transparency, code of conduct and discipline, grievance redressal mechanism and whistle-blowing.


Civil service is the permanent and professional bureaucracy that assists the political executive in policy formulation and implementation. It has a constitutional position as it derives its authority from Article 309 to 311 of the Constitution of India. It has a hierarchical structure that consists of various services such as All India Services (IAS, IPS and IFoS), Central Services (Group A and B) and State Services (Group A and B). The recruitment of civil servants is done through competitive examinations conducted by UPSC and State PSCs. The training of civil servants is done through various institutes such as LBSNAA, SVPNPA and IGNFA. The career advancement of civil servants is based on seniority-cum-merit principle and involves various promotions and postings. The salary administration of civil servants is based on the recommendations of various pay commissions such as the Seventh Pay Commission. The discipline of civil servants is governed by various rules and regulations such as the Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964 and the Central Civil Services (Classification, Control and Appeal) Rules, 1965. The performance appraisal of civil servants is done through various methods such as Annual Confidential Reports (ACRs), Annual Performance Assessment Reports (APARs) and 360-degree feedback. The staff welfare of civil servants includes various facilities and benefits such as medical care, housing, pension, leave travel concession and welfare funds.


The employer-employee relations in public organizations are influenced by various factors such as organizational culture, leadership style, communication pattern, motivation level and conflict resolution mechanism. The administrative ethics in public organizations are based on various values and norms such as honesty, integrity, impartiality, objectivity, loyalty and public interest. The accountability and transparency in public organizations are ensured by various mechanisms such as parliamentary oversight, audit scrutiny, judicial review, media scrutiny and citizen participation. The code of conduct and discipline in public organizations are prescribed by various rules and regulations that define the dos and don'ts for civil servants. The grievance redressal mechanism in public organizations are provided by various forums such as departmental inquiry, administrative tribunal, ombudsman and lokpal. The whistle-blowing in public organizations are encouraged by various laws and policies that protect the rights and interests of those who expose corruption or maladministration.


Financial Administration: Budget: concepts & types; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts & audit; Fiscal policy; Monetary policy; Finance Commission; Planning Commission & NITI Aayog; Controller General of Accounts; Comptroller & Auditor General of India.




Financial administration is the management of financial resources in public organizations. It involves the planning, allocation, utilization and control of public funds for achieving organizational objectives. Financial administration covers various aspects such as budget, budgetary process, financial accountability, accounts and audit, fiscal policy, monetary policy, Finance Commission, Planning Commission and NITI Aayog, Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.


Budget is a statement of estimated income and expenditure of the government for a given period of time, usually a year. It reflects the financial policies and priorities of the government. There are different types of budget such as performance budget, programme budget, zero-based budget and gender budget. Budgetary process is the procedure followed by the government for preparing, presenting, approving and implementing the budget. It involves various stages such as formulation, scrutiny, enactment and execution of the budget.


Financial accountability is the obligation of the government to account for its financial performance and results to the parliament, the public and other stakeholders. It ensures that public funds are used efficiently, effectively and economically for achieving desired outcomes. Accounts and audit are the tools for ensuring financial accountability. Accounts are the records of financial transactions and balances of the government. Audit is the independent examination and verification of accounts and financial statements of the government.


Fiscal policy is the use of government revenue and expenditure to influence the level of economic activity, inflation, employment and growth. It involves various instruments such as taxation, public spending, public borrowing and public debt. Monetary policy is the use of money supply and interest rates to regulate the availability and cost of credit in the economy. It influences various macroeconomic variables such as inflation, exchange rate, balance of payments and growth. It involves various instruments such as reserve requirements, open market operations, repo rate, reverse repo rate and bank rate.


Finance Commission is a constitutional body that makes recommendations to the president regarding the distribution of net proceeds of taxes between the centre and states, the principles governing grants-in-aid to states by centre, the measures needed to augment consolidated fund of states to supplement resources of local bodies and any other matter referred to it by president. It is appointed every five years by president under Article 280 of Constitution. Planning Commission was a non-constitutional body that formulated five-year plans for economic development and allocated resources to central and state governments. It was established in 1950 by a resolution of government. It was replaced by NITI Aayog in 2015 which is a think tank that provides strategic direction to government on various issues related to development.


Controller General of Accounts is a statutory authority that maintains accounts of central government; prescribes accounting standards; authorizes payments; prepares monthly accounts; consolidates annual accounts; coordinates with state governments on accounting matters; provides accounting data for budget formulation; conducts internal audit; monitors fiscal rules; supervises pension payments; administers GPF scheme; maintains government securities register; provides cash management services; implements e-payment system; develops IT infrastructure for accounting system. Comptroller & Auditor General of India is a constitutional authority that audits accounts of central government; state governments; union territories; local bodies; public corporations; autonomous bodies; grants-in-aid institutions; government companies; other entities financed by government. He reports on financial irregularities; performance deficiencies; compliance violations; system weaknesses; fraudulent transactions; revenue losses; expenditure savings; value for money aspects. He submits his reports to president or governor who lays them before parliament or state legislature.


Conclusion




In this article, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on how to access, use and benefit from Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640, a valuable resource for UPSC aspirants who have chosen public administration as their optional subject or want to improve their performance in general studies paper II. We have also given you an overview of public administration as a subject and how it is relevant for UPSC syllabus.


We hope that this article has helped you understand and appreciate the importance and scope of public administration for your UPSC preparation. We also hope that you will download and read Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640 and use it effectively to ace your UPSC exam.


If you want to learn more about public administration or any other subject for your UPSC preparation, you can visit our website InsightsIAS where you will find various resources such as notes, articles, case studies, books for beginners and experts on management, finance, English language and general knowledge.


You can also join our online courses such as IPM 4.0 , IPM+ & IPM ++ where you will get personalized guidance from experienced faculty and mentors who will help you achieve your dream of becoming an IAS officer.


So what are you waiting for? Download Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640 today and start your journey towards public administration excellence!


Frequently Asked Questions




  • What is Aribam Public Administration Pdf 640?



: Historical & sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Bureaucracy & development; Riggsian models & their critique; Ecology & culture in comparative perspective; Western & Eastern models.


  • Development Dynamics: Concept & dimensions; Changing profile & agenda; Development models & strategies (Gandhian model; Nehruvian model; Liberalization model); Development administration; Development management; Participatory development; Sustainable development; Good governance; E-governance.



  • Personnel Administration: Concepts & principles; Civil service: constitutional position, structure, recruitment, training, career advancement, salary administration, discipline, performance appraisal, staff welfare; Employer-employee relations; Administrative ethics; Accountability & transparency; Code of conduct & discipline; Grievance redressal mechanism; Whistle-blowing.



  • Financial Administration: Budget: concepts & types; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts & audit; Fiscal policy; Monetary policy; Finance Commission; Planning Commission & NITI Aayog; Controller General of Accounts; Comptroller & Auditor General of India.



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This is the end of the article. I hope you enjoyed reading it and found it useful for your UPSC preparation. If you have any feedback or suggestions, please let me know. Thank you for your time and attention.


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